The Origin of Minimalism
Minimalism emerged in the late 60′s in New York, but its origins are rooted in Europe, the first ideas of the German architect Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, one of the most important architects of this century.
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe develops his ideas about the purity of the forms (precursor of minimalism) during his tenure in the direction of the School of Art and Design at the Bauhaus in Germany in the late 30′s. Shortly after, due to the process of the second world war, he emigrated to the United States, where he was known as an influential architect and designer, and became a U.S. citizen.
Entered the 60 participating New York art movement and geometric minimum in the visual arts. Although not the only one who spoke, his version of rationalism and functionalism then, have become models for other professionals of his century. His influence can be summarized in one sentence that he gave and has become the motto of the modern architecture of the first half of the twentieth century: “less is more.”
Throughout his career he fought to get a universal architecture and simple, it was honest in the use of materials and structures. His work is characterized by rigidly geometrical composition and the total absence of ornamentation, but his poetry lies in the subtle mastery of the proportions and exquisite elegance of the materials (sometimes used marble, onyx, travertine, chrome steel, bronze or wood), always finished off with great precision in the details.
Already in the 70′s, minimalism reaches maturity as a form of reaction to the ornate styles of the time (mainly pop art) and saturation within the aesthetic universe communications. This influenced not only in the decoration and architecture, but also in painting, fashion and music.
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